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What is Symbolized for Orwell
What it Could Symbolize Today
Animal Farm

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To Orwell, Animal Farm symbolized the U.S.S.R, or Soviet Russia. Like in the story, the U.S.S.R started with good ambitions but became corrupt after Leo Trotsky (Snowball) was expelled from the country. Stalin (Napoleon)
took over and ruled the country. He was mean and changed rules to help
him. He had the secret police (the dogs) take away rebellious people
and slaughter them.
In my personal life, Animal Farm is like my family. My mom and dad
are the highest and rich class, while my and I are the
low poor class. My mom and dad are rulers and don't let me wear a nice pair of sweatpants to school!

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Boxer symbolized the working class for Orwell. In Russia and the U.S.S.R.
the working class worked very hard and was extremely loyal to the leaders.
In the story, Boxer worked harder than anyone. He also was very loyal to the pigs,
represented by his motto "Napoleon is always right!"
Boxer could still symbolize the working
class because the working class in America
works hard and is pretty loyal to the government.

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Battle of the Cowshed

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The Battle of the Cowshed represented Red October (the battle of the Tsarists versus
the Bolsheviks). This was when the Tsarists came in and tried to take back the government,
but the Bolsheviks, the people who were in charge, won the war and kept the country and
The Battle of the Cowshed, today, could represent
the current day Libya. The rebels took over Libya
with the help of NATO. The old government tried to
take over again, but it failed.

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The Windmill

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The Windmill represented Stalin's Five Year Plan. Like, in the story, the Five Year Plan
was an utter failure. Also, again like in the story, they kept trying to build it again. Both leaders
of the two plans promised way better things for the people.
Today, the Windmill could represent the U.S. economy. Wekeep trying to build it back up but it keeps
buckling and failing. It just won't come back.

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Snowball represented Leo Trotsky. Both led the original rebellion. Also, they were both
expelled and the other leader rose to power. In real life and in the story, they both were
exiled out of the minds of the people and of the whole country.
Snowball could represent the Emperor who was
kicked out of and expelled from China in.
He was exiled in the 1960's.
His name and figure was erased from every
place and everyone's memories. All of his
motives and ideas were portrayed as evil and
crooked after he was expelled.

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Squealer represented the media of Russia. In real life, the media put out Stalin's version of every story, like Squealer does for Napoleon.
Today, Squealer could still represent any media
of any country. Almost every country's media
puts out a story that will present their country in
a good light.

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Animal Farm Packet Questions

Chapter One

Question 1:
Lied down in hay.
Slept in pastures or chicken coops or pens
Ate food that animals eat (oats, slop, grass)
The cat purred and the horses whinnied and the dogs whined
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Talked so that the reader could understand it
Had dreams
planned out a "plan of action"
They rebel against the tyrants.
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Question 2: The animals were astounded by what he said. The animals also supported what he stood for and what he said. They were happy and were ready to carry out the old pig's "request", if that is what you can call it, or his dream.

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Question 3: This statement says that men are never to be trusted and are always looking out for themselves and are always looking to be rulers. This says that the animals can never be friends with a man. The statement also says that animals are always allies, helpers, and friends. Any animal is a comrade.

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Chapter Two
Question 4: The animals were so easily led because they thought that because Old Major was the wisest animal, that the pigs would be smart too. In the book, it says that the animals generally saw the pigs as the smartest animals on the farm. This is why the animals were so easily led by the pigs. Also the animals trusted the pigs because they thought that because Old Major told the truth and didn't trick them, that the other pigs wouldn't trick them.

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Question 5: Snowball says that because he wants the mare to join their party. He convinces her that the ribbons are what is bonding her to Mr. Jones. He says that the ribbons are not worth near as much as the freedom and joyfullness that animals will enjoy after the humans are gone.

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Question 6: The animals were joyful and very surprised. After being so hungry and then being attacked for trying to eat, they turned on Mr. Jones much earlier than expected. They pushed him out of the farm and locked him out. The animals feasted with double rations and threw all the things Mr. Jones used to use the animals into a fire or the well. They pitched all the clothes, whips, nose rings, the horses' ribbons, the Boxer's hat, and much more tools. However, after a while, the animals realized that they would have to work and work hard to survive and keep Animalism alive.

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Question 7: The strong statement in the Seven Commandments is "Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy."
This is an example of Propaganda.
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Question 8: Animalism and Marxism is very close together. In the Animalism rules, all animals are friends and nobody is higher than any other, which coincides with Marxism. In Animalism, there is no currency, so the animals don't have to pay for the food or bedding, which also matches Marxism. In Animalism, all the animals live in the same place, nobody owns it, which goes with Marxism too. This is how close Marxism is like Animalism. The only difference is that Animalism is for animals and not really real, and Marxism is for people and quite real.

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Question 9: The farm could be a utopia in a couple of ways. First, the animals don't have anyone to tell them what to do or control them. Second, the animals don't have to pay for food or for bedding or shelter. Thirdly, the animals have a good leadership board that doesn't control the animals, but guides them. These are three ways that the farm could be like a utopia.

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Chapter Three

Question 1: The farm is becoming like a civilized society because the animals all have jobs to help provide food. Also, the farm has leaders that guide it and make decisions for it. The farm has enough food and everyone gets along too.

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Question 2: The flag has a hoof crossing a tusk. This symbolizes that all animals are united. However, I noticed that both signals are part of the pig. Most animals don't have tusks and hooves.

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Question 3: The foreshadowing is that the book says that whenever a resolution is discussed, Snowball and Napoleon are always fighting. The two pigs never agree on anything. For example, Snowball says that is important to educate the adults, while Napoleon fights against that and educates the children.

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Question 4: It is a good propaganda technique because it separates all things into two groups. It says that all things that walk on two legs are bad, and all things that walk on four legs (or wings) are good.

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Question 5: First, the pigs were appointed as the leaders. Second, the pigs said that the animals must follow rules that they set up. Third, the pigs appointed themselves as the supervisors so that they don't have to work. Fourth, the pigs made the animals give them all the apples and milk, because the pigs need, supposedly, tremendous brain food.

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Question 6: Squealer's part in this was to tell the animals that the pigs were dominant and needed all the good and nutritious food. Napoleon and Snowball told Squealer to tell the animals that the pigs would be the ones to keep all of the revolution alive. This was taking advantage of the power that the animals had given them.

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Chapter Four

Question 7: The Battle of the Cowshed was a defensive effort. The animals hid and sprang at the men to defend their turf. Also one animal died in the Battle of the Cowshed. Other farmers from different farms came in to recapture the farm too. Afterward, the animals also decorated the other animals who were brave and who had led the defensive stand. In the Rebellion, the animals leaped up in furry and attacked the farmers of Manor Farm. The men gave up easily and didn't really resist. Also, there was no casualties and no medals.

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Question 8: The animals all agreed to have a medal ceremony. This was a joyous time and everybody was extremely happy. They celebrated over the victory and were happy and jubilant about the bravery. Every animal bragged about the deeds that each had done in the battle.

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Question 9: This is ironic because the pigs are the ones in power and want to keep the power. They all love and want the control. The pigs were the ones leading the Rebellion against someone being in control, but the pigs themselves are replicating that type of government; except that themselves are the boss.

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Chapter Five

Question 1: Mollie is rejected by the other animals because she is still loyal to people. She refuses to work hard and keeps sugar lumps and ribbons under her hay bed. She sneaks off and lets the neighboring farmer rub her nose. She does not help and does not do her share.

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Question 2: Snowball said that the windmill must be built and that it would cause the animals great labor for a little bit, but turn out to be extremely helpful in the future. Napoleon said that the windmill should not be built because it would take away all of the food and diminish rations while they were working on it. Later, however, Squealer tells the animals that Napoleon actually drew out the plans and had the ideas for the windmill; Snowball just stole it.

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Question 3:
  • beats and makes the animals do what he says
  • Forgets to feed the animals
  • Does not update the farm and does not make improvements
  • Does not care about making the maximum amount of crops

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  • persuades the animals by talking
  • makes sure that the animals have plenty of food
  • decides to build a windmill and have electricity
  • works hard to try to get plenty of food

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Question 4: Snowball stood for freedom and bravery. When he was driven off, Napoleon focused more on being loyal and obeying the leaders. Napoleon thinks that when the animals listen and obey and are extremely loyal to the leaders, that the farm will improve rapidly and make progress. He also thinks that everyone will be happier. This is how obedience and loyalty have replaces freedom and bravery.

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Question 5: The technique is to convince the animals that the other ruler (Snowball) is crooked and evil and self-conceded; while you tell them that under your rule, the citizens will enjoy prosperity and happiness. I wouldn't say that this is propaganda because, although it says that one thing is very good and one thing is bad, only one person is the bad thing. Usually propaganda separates two whole groups into bad or good.

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Question 6: This shapes Boxer's character by making him work hard. He does whatever he can to help out the farm and make the farm a better place. No matter who the leader is, he works hard and always tries his best to make the farm an utopia.

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Question 7: Napoleon sends Squealer out to say that Snowball took his ideas and plans and established it as his own. This made the other animals believe that Snowball was a crook and a thief.

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Question 8: First, Napoleon says that Sunday morning meetings are a waste of time. This allows the pigs to discuss their ideas without the other animals disagreeing. Second, he made a committee of pigs to decide laws so that Napoleon can (since he is the leader of the committee) convince two or three other people to agree with him, instead of 20 people. Thirdly,Napoleon made contact with humans so that they could earn money to buy parts for the windmill. Lastly, he has the singing of the "Beasts of England" happen only once a week because he wants more time to discuss ideas with the committee.

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Chapter Six

Question 9: Napoleon's definition of tactics is ways to win over the animals and have them think that he is a genius. They are ways that he can appear as the good guy and and get his way. Napoleon's tactics is meaning "to get rid of Snowball."

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Chapter Seven

Question 1: Napoleon makes everything seem fine by filling the grain and corn barrels with sand and putting the rest of the food on top to make it seem like there is plenty of food.

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Question 2: Napoleon takes away the hens' rations. This puts the hens back in line because of their need of food. Even so, nine hens died.

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Question 3: The memory is used to keep the animals in line by saying that Snowball is terrorizing us and causing us to suffer. Napoleon and Squealer say that Snowball comes in and takes food, damages property, attacks homes and gardens, and destroys work that they had done. This keeps the animals on Napoleon's side. It convinces the animals that the economy and roughness and toil on the farm is because of Snowball.

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Question 4: This shows that Napoleon thinks that he can do whatever he wants and not get in trouble. This also shows that Napoleon has a great power and that it strikes fear into the other animals. Napoleon did this to show that any animal who betrays him will be killed on the spot.

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Question 5: Clover sings "Beasts of England" because it is a song she knows. She also sings it because she doesn't know how else to express the sadness and thoughts that she has in her head. This reveals that Clover is emotional and sad by what has happened and by what she thought the future could hold when Old Major delivered his speech.

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Question 6: Napoleon's reason for abolishing the song "Beasts of England" was that the Rebellion was now totally completed because all traitors and all loyalties to Jones were gone. The true reason is that he doesn't want anything from the past to stand in his way. He wants to be the one to make all the rules and to be famous. "Beasts of England" was a song connected to Old Major. Napoleon wants everything to be connected to him.

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Chapter Eight

Question 7: Some examples of Napoleon systematically lying to the animals is that he said that he had never considered trading with Frederick. Also he says that every bad deed that happens on the farm is Snowball's fault. Another lye is that Napoleon keeps having the animals minds in a whirl by saying that this farm is bad, and then saying that that same farm is good and the other farm is bad. He does this three or four times. Lastly, he keeps saying that Snowball is on one farm, and then saying that he is on the other farm.

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Question 8: The poem "Comrade Napoleon" makes Napoleon seem like a nice guy who only looks after others. It also says that Napoleon wants to help other animals break free. Another thing it says is that Napoleon loves the other animals and cares so much about them.

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Question 9: The Battle of the Windmill was much more intense. Many animals were killed and many were injured. The windmill was destroyed and the foundation was destroyed. This was led by Napoleon and the animals were not ready for the attack. This was an attack by Frederick and his men. In the Battle of the Cowshed, only one animal died and nothing was destroyed. Also, this was planned by Snowball and the animals were ready for it. This was an attack by Jones and other people he convinced. In the Rebellion, the animals won freedom and nobody was killed. This was an attack led by the animals themselves.

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Chapter Nine

Question 1: The stated purpose for the parade is to celebrate the "victory" over the attacking farmers. The real reason that Napoleon had the parade was so that he could be worshiped and praised for the defense and so that the animals would be happy and put joyous thoughts in their minds; to not rebel again, this time against Napoleon and his rules and government.

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Question 2: Napoleon let Moses stay on the farm because he wanted another follower. He also wanted someone to talk of good things. Napoleon could say that Moses' talk about Sugarcandy Mountain was a lye, while saying that the good things were where they were. Napoleon could say that Moses is talking about Animal Farm and saying how good it is.

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Question 3: Boxer is admired because he works hard, supports others, will not quit working and helping others to succeed and to reach a goal, and because he is tough and will work through tough pain. When Boxer is hurt though, he is sent to a butcher/horse slaughterer by the pigs. Squealer tells the other animals that Boxer had gone to a hospital. He also says that he himself watched Boxer die and heard his last wish.

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Question 4: The knacker symbolizes the death sentence/row. It symbolizes this because Boxer was starting to question Napoleon's and the pig's decisions. The pigs' realized that this was a time to get rid of him before he led another rebellion, this time against Napoleon.

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Chapter Ten

Question 5: The two classes are the rich powerful class and the poor working class. The pigs took advantage of the trust and leadership the other animals had in them to make them the rich and powerful class. The pigs took all the milk and apples, while moving themselves into the house. They also dressed themselves in clothes, ate rich and well made meals, and slept in feather beds. The other animals had to work and slave and not see any profit come their way. All the other animals never got improvements or anything. Needless to say, the other animals are the working class.

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Thought Questions

Question 1: We think that the animals didn't run away with Moses because they weren't totally sure that Sugarcandy Mountain was real. They weren't 100% sure that they wanted to take the risk of going somewhere that had never been seen or confirmed of before.

Question 2: The significance of the song "Beasts of England" is that it gave the animals hope and courage to start a new government and make a better place to live in. During the Rebellion, it told the animals what good things would happen when they started a new government.

Question 3: Their resentment vanished because now they worked for food and improvements for themselves and the farm. Jones made them work just for himself so that he could get money, food, and rest.

Question 4: Napoleon was against the windmill because he said that by building the windmill, the animals would be hungry and have less food because they wouldn't be able to farm as much. He changed his mind because he thought the windmill was a huge improvement and he wanted credit for building and thinking of it. He also wanted the good things it provided

Question 5: Snowball prompted the fight by making a brilliant speech to support the windmill vote. The animals were all for it. Napoleon then whistled a high pitch squeal and the dogs went after Snowball. None of the animals stepped in because they didn't want to get bitten and attacked. They also were in shock when that happened and weren't sure what was going on.

Question 6: Squealer's philosophy led the animals to believe that despite everything, Napoleon was trying to make sure that the best happened for the animals and the farm. The animals accepted this and that's why they were easy to lead and did not rebel.