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Analytical Writing Essay

Truth is always the first casualty of war. In the Iraq War, the U.S. shifted the truth or hid the truth many times. To begin with, the U.S. went to war with Iraq because they claimed that the Iraq government had Weapons of Mass Destruction, when the U.S. shaded the fact that the Iraqis really didn't. In addition, they hid the fact that the Iraqis had no connection to Al Quida, the perpetrators of the September 11th attacks. Lastly, the U.S. doctored the images and photos of the large crowd that gathered in the square to watch Saddam Hussein's statue fall. These are some of the things that the U.S. did to make the war and the choices the U.S. made look good.

First, the U.S. went to war with Iraq because they claimed that the Iraq government had Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs), when they really didn't. When the U.S. arrived in Iraq, they went in search of the WMDs. The U.S. searched hundreds of places, but they didn't find any nuclear bombs or anything. Instead of going home, the U.S. shaded the fact that there really was no WMDs. They kept it a secret and kept the information from everybody. Because everyone thought that the U.S. was taking care of WMDs, nobody interfered with their conquest. Eventually the information came out and the citizens of the U.S. found that the U.S. government had lied. This was the first way the U.S. had shaded the truth.

Next, the U.S. hid the fact that Iraq had no connection to Al Quida. Again, when the U.S. arrived in Iraq, they searched all throughout the country for any connection to the terrorist group Al Quida. However, when they searched through hundreds of buildings and caves, they didn't find a connection to Al Quida. The U.S. didn't return back to America. They hid this information too. The U.S. went in and took control of the government. Nobody stopped them because of this reason either because the other countries of the world thought that the U.S. was taking revenge and stopping terrorists from attacking. This is another way the U.S. killed the truth.

To end with, the U.S. doctored the images and videos of the destruction of the Saddam Hussein statue. The cameras were zoomed in to make the crowd look bigger. Also, the whole event was staged. They called a small crowd of Iraqis in to the square. Almost everybody jumping on the statue and beating the figurine were reporters and camera men. The U.S. also took two videos and sent one to the U.S. and one to the Middle East. This made the whole conquest seem like an extremely good deed. This is the third way the U.S. twisted the truth.

In conclusion, there are two sides of this war. In this essay I portrayed how the U.S. made the war seem like a good deed. The U.S. did do some wrong things in this war, but they also did some amazing things. The U.S. made the Iraqi government into a government that gave the people some representation. Before, the people were treated like slaves. Now the area is not filled with a whole lot of violence because police have more control. The citizens of the country of Iraq now have better lives and can now have a voice in their government and laws. This is why there are two sides of the war. This is how truth is the first casualty of war.



Names and logos of social media
Names and logos of social media




Types of Media:

Newspaper: To Inform (News) and Entertain (Comics) and persuasive (editorials)
Affected By: When the economy is bad, many newspaper employees lose their job because less people are buying the paper version, but instead are turning to the Internet newspapers.
When the democrat party is in power, the newspaper companies are very happy because they get more money because democrats support large government. However, when the Republicans are in power they do not gain as much benefits and money. Social factors mostly help the online newspaper because people can share the link. Another thing that affects newspapers is supply and demand. The newspapers have plenty of supply, but now are starting to lose demand because of the popularity of the online newspaper. Some things that the newspaper writes can affect people who are targeted in it when those people have no say in things.

Magazine: To Entertain (Highlights) and Inform (National Geographic)
Affected By: When the economy is bad, many magazine employees lose their job because less people are buying the type of magazine. In many stores, the magazine racks are totally full.
In any political party is in power, the magazines love it because they can spread rumors and write overblown stories about almost anything the parties do. Social factors are not good for magazines right now because less and less people are becoming interested in the stories that are in those magazines. Another thing that affects magazines is supply and demand. Magazines have tons of copies available, but many people just aren't interested anymore. Also, people are starting to go online and make their own magazines. Some things that the magazines write can affect people who are targeted in it when those people have no say in things. Also, many false rumors are spread in the articles or are extremely overblown.

TV: To Entertain (Cartoons, Sci-Fi, Realistic Fiction) and Inform (News Channels)
Affected By: The TV is not really affected by the economy because most people have TVs and are able to keep them. The TV News Stations like it when the political race is on because news stories flow in and are easy to communicate with people. The social factors are O.K. for the TV because people watch TV, but many families and people share TVs so there are not a whole lot of people who buy a whole lot. Another thing that affects TVs is supply and demand. TVs do pretty good because they have a good supply and people buy TVs. Some rumors are spread by TV, like when 9/11 happened, the news was talking bad about Islamic people, influencing millions of people.

Radio: To Inform (Political Talk Shows, News Broadcast) and Entertain (Sporting Events, Music)
Affected By: When the economy is bad, people don't buy much satellite radio because it is extremely expensive. When the political races are going, and even when they are not, the political talk show people like Rush Limbaugh are very happy because many people listen to their show and because they have some interesting news to talk about. Social factors are good for radio because the listeners are always listening to sporting events and music. Sometimes, when political talk shows or news is broadcast on the radio, rumors and exaggerated stories are spread. This can hurt people who do not even have a say what is being written.

Internet: To Inform (Research) and Entertain (Computer games) and persuasive (all persuasive essays and articles)
Affected By: When the economy is bad, many people, instead of buying the newspaper, sometimes read it online or watch videos online. This is very good for the Internet market. Politics don't really affect the Internet that much besides giving online news resources more articles to post and share. Social factors are generally good for the Internet because many people have their own laptops or computers and many look things up on the Internet. Supply and Demand can affect the Internet, but has not really hurt the Internet. There are many computers and laptops available and people want and buy them. However the Internet can hurt many people because many racist and untrue statements are spread around the Internet and many people don't even know about it until it is too late.

Films: To Inform (Documentaries, Biographies) and Entertain (Sci-Fi, Fantasy, Realistic Fiction)
Affected By: When the economy is bad, less and less people buy movies and films to watch at home. However if the film is on the Internet, it can still get popular and watched. Political factors don't really affect the type or how well a movie sells. Social factors however are huge. If people don't want to watch the movie, it can go bust extremely quickly. The films and movies are extremely dependent on the choices of people and the film industry is a huge make it or break it market. Supply and Demand is another factor that affects them. This corresponds to the Social factors because, since there is a plentiful supply, the people will have to buy the product. Films, also, can also portray people and groups in negative light too. They can make a movie about terrorism and portray all Islams in a poor way.




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Questions on Step 2:
1. The Americans are generally portrayed as the rescuers and heroes and liberators, while the Iraqi government is portrayed as the stubborn and mean people. In the video the Americans are portrayed as liars and fakers when they set up the falling of the Saddam statue. In a couple of other newspapers, the Americans are portrayed as conquerors and total destroyers.


2. Iraq's information:
Religion- Islam is the official religion of the country and is practiced by about 95% of the population.
Government-The dictatorship of Saddam Hussein collapsed on April 9, 2003, after U.S. and British forces invaded the country. Sovereignty was returned to Iraq on June 28, 2004. Iraq is a parliamentary democracy with a federal system of government.
Food- A daily diet in Iraq consists of rice, usually with soup or sauce and also lamb and vegetables.
Today, meat and vegetables are hard to come by so most people just have rice or another grain.
Capital-Baghdad
Language- Arabic
Population- estimated (1997) 22,219,289
Membership-Iraq is a member of the UN and Arab League, OPEC and Organization of the Islamic Conference.
(Work Cited down at the bottom of the page.

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3. On slide one, both papers focused on the Iraqis, but the Rocky Mountain Herald focused on what the day may mean to the Iraqis, while the SMH focused on the downfall of Saddam.On slide two, the Times Herald Record focused on the U.S. attacking Iraq. The Guardian focused on the Iraq war beginning and on how shelters were not safe for people to take cover in Baghdad. One slide three, The Detroit News focused on how the U.S. was attacked and many soldiers were killed and taken prisoner. The El Mundo is focusing on the hurt and casualties of the Iraqis.On slide four, The Daily News focused on the liberation of Baghdad and how the crowds were happy and joy filled. The Sun focused on Baghdad also falling and how Saddam was no longer in power. On slide five, the Rocky Mountain Herald focused on how major battles in Iraq were done and how the U.S. was warning Syria about them coming into Syria if they continued hosting terrorists. The SMH focused on how with the Iraq War's major battles are done, President Bush was now going into Syria. On slide six, The Arizona Daily Star focused on how the U.S. caught Saddam and captured him. The Nation focused on how the "Tyrant" (Saddam) was captured and taken prisoner. That is how the two newspapers in Resource One differed.

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4. Choices were made, on the American side, to see how the U.S. was doing and how they were doing good by taking over Baghdad. When something bad happened they focused 100% on how that affected the U.S. On the Iraqi side they focused on how the U.S. was taking over and ruining all that they had done. They saw it as the U.S. coming in and conquering.

5. I now understand that the Iraqi government and some citizens thought that the U.S. was not doing good and conquering their country. However I now understand that the U.S. and many other countries saw Saddam and the Iraqi government as evil and something that had to be taken down. I now understand that the War had two sides.

6. The U.S. removed any pictures of Iraqi suffering and of the ruined towns and of the number of innocent civilians that had been killed or taken prisoner by U.S. forces. The U.S. also staged the statue of Saddam falling for the news papers and media so that it looked like the Iraqi people liked what they were doing. The Iraqi and other papers that supported the Iraqis pictured how the U.S came in and took control and how they had damaged and killed civilians. The Americans are portrayed in most of the news papers as the rescuers, good guys, and heroes; while the Iraqi government is portrayed as evil and helpers of the terrorists. In other news papers though, and the video, the U.S. is shown as conquerors. In the video, they show the U.S. as liers and manipulators.

7. The images were doctored because the U.S. wanted to make sure its citizens still trust the government and its choices and so that the citizens won't protest. It is easier for the U.S. to say that they are the good guys through fake photos.



8. It makes sure that the citizens of the U.S. won't rebel and so that the citizens trust the government still.

9. The U.S. government gains from the altered pictures because it makes the citizens trust the government and not rebel. It also sways other countries of the world to think that the U.S. wants to help a lot, which they do.

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10.Yes, it can because people will believe what they see and if they see a whole crowd cheering on what the U.S. is doing, they will believe that the government can change things for the better (and the U.S. government can change things for better or for worse). For example, from that one photo, most citizens of the U.S. think that the Iraqis really liked what we did, but instead most Iraqis didn't care or were extremely angry about it.

Step 3
1.a)The newspapers dedicated tons of space to the pictures of the Saddam statue falling and of the Baghdad crowd rejoicing after Baghdad was liberated.
b)The newspapers had huge font for the words "Liberated" and "Saddam Falls" in the Daily News. In the Sydney Morning Herald, the words "Baghdad Falls" was in huge font, as well as the words: Mobs turn on Saddam "He killed millions of us...Oh people, this is freedom."
c)The space used for the articles of "Baghdad Falls" and "Liberated" and "Saddam Falls" because the stories were huge news. This was when all of Iraq was freed. Both newspapers dedicated a whole front page and probably ten or more pages too. Yes, this does make it more prominent.
2. The audience for the Sydney Morning Herald would be for Sydney and its surrounding towns. The Australian would be for most of Australia. The audience for the Daily News would be mostly Americans.
3. The Iraqis and the Iraqi government did not have a say in the articles. It probably makes the Iraqis mad that they didn't get to say how they felt and how much damage the U.S. caused.

external image newspaper_3.gif

Step 4
Socratic Question: How did most Americans and other people who were in the U.S. feel on 9/11?
1) The Muslims and Iraqi people were often treated with disrespect and were mostly treated with violence. Some were even beaten and killed. Even people that looked or dressed like those two groups were part of the discrimination.
2)Yes I do think so because the media portrayed all Iraqis as hosts to terrorists and evil. This would make a lot of people think that they should be treated differently and be put down.
3) No, I do not think that they are multicultural if they discriminate against Muslims. This shows that they are just as bad as many countries in the world who do not treat Muslims with respect.
4) I now think that most Iraqis and Muslims are nice and do not agree with terrorism. I don't think that they should be discriminated or attacked for their beliefs or looks.
5) This Web quest has made me see that there was two sides to the war and that the U.S. only presented theirs. I also learned that not only did the U.S. present their side of the story, but they also altered the story so that it looked like the U.S. had no wrong doings.
6) I think that the media did have an affect on the historical accuracy of the Iraq War. I think that most people don't understand that we caused a lot of damage to the civilians and their property. I think that people think that we just went in and took out only the government and that's not true. I also think that most people think that the Iraqis loved what we were doing, but in reality, most didn't care or didn't like our mission.

Side Note
Although the U.S. had the media portray that they did only good things in the war, even though they did some wrong things, the U.S. did help out the people and some of the government officials. They built the government into a government that represented the people. In my opinion I think that the U.S. did mainly good things to help out citizens of Iraq.




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Entry Two:
September 16, 2011
Steps I will take to complete the web quest by next Friday (September 23, 2011).
1. I will choose a group that will be helpful and get things done. (September 16, 2011)
2. Second, I will make a list of all the types of media. (September 16, 2011)
3. I will find what job the type of media has. (September 19th, 2011)
4. I will find out how the economy, social, and political factors,effect each type of media. I will also find out what other things effect the media. (September 19th, 2011)
5. I will watch a certain video and then answer 10 or more questions. (September 20st, 2011)
6. I will read and analyze two newspaper articles and look at image and story space, and how the color and fonts are used. I will also look at why the newspaper only portrayed one side of the story and who the audience of the particular newspaper is. (September 21st, 2011)
7.I will read a certain article and answer some questions. I'll record the findings on the working document. (September 22nd, 2011)
8. I will write a 750 to 1000 word essay on a certain question. (September 22nd, 2011)
9. I will turn in my working document and essay (September 23rd, 2011)

Entry One:
September 15, 2011
What is a web quest? A web quest is something you do on the internet. You find facts and learn about a certain subject. Then you create a poster or power point or some other project presenting what you have done. This is what a web quest is.

Three questions I have about our web quest:

1. I would like to know why our subject is about war and media in war.

2. How does the media twist the story so much that it can totally influence somebody's view on the subject?

3. How will we decide the groups? Will it be people from all sorts of different class periods? Will we get to pick our own groups? What are the roles of each person?

4. What is a working document?


Work Cited:
http://www.everyculture.com/Ge-It/Iraq.html
http://www.arab.de/arabinfo/iraq.htm
http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107644.html
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/6804.htm#gov